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Pages on eol of probable non preferred Synonyms

Last updated about 3 years ago

I am just an enthousiast and collect these Synonym issues on the way in case I bump into inconsistencies in what I find in other references and on EOL. I also add cases when I see other people mentioning Synonym problems in other feeds here on EOL. Please let me know if you want to be able to add other examples by commenting in the collection or my personal newsfeed. I will make you a co-manager and welcome every contribution. I recommend adding references. There is a 'probable' in the title of the non preferred synonyms collection, because most of the time I have no clue what the latest agreement is, if there is one. My hope is that these findings can be looked at by experts of the EOL community if actions need to be taken (or not) by the experts/EOL staff or programmatic solutions can be found. I understand there is no tool available for experts at the moment to adjust preferred names manually, but I believe experts can annotate the synonym page to clearly indicate the preferred name in the meantime. Experts and non-experts can also leave comments on the indivual pages. In cases where synonyms have another taxon page than the preferred name (or even other synonyms) they should also be incorporated in the collection + community (see http://eol.org/communities/79) in the hope they can be merged by staff of EOL. When issues do get resolved permanently, please let me know so we can remove them from the collection. (Last edit: 10 April 2012)

  • 66761_88_88 Animalia > Cyprinidae

    Bangana rendahli

  • 79656_88_88 Plantae > Rosaceae

    Cowania mexicana A.Gray

  • 14045_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Maculinea arion

    Large Blue

  • cellular organisms > Descurainieae

    Descurainia incana subsp. incana

    Richardson's Tansy-mustard

    D. richardsonii is a synonym of D.incana

    References:
    ITIS Standard Report Page Descuria richardsonii http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=22838 indicates D. richardsonii is the synonym
  • Animalia > Curculionidae

    Aramigus fulleri

    Fuller's Rose Weevil

    See comment of Stephen Thorpe on taxon page

  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Cigaritis myrmecophila farsica

    Weidenhoffer & Bozano 2007 consider C. farsica as subspecies of Cigaritis myrmecophila (http://www.eol.org/pages/256104/overview). So name should be Cigaritis myrmecophila farsica.

    References:
    Reference: 2007. Z.Weidenhoffer & G.C.Bozano Guide to the Butterflies of the Palearctic Region Lycaenidae part III Subfamily Theclinae Tribes Tomarini, Aphnaeini and Theclini (partim) - 97 pages
  • 92825_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Xamia xami

    Xami Hairstreak

  • 93358_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Spindasis

    Weidenhoffer & Bozano 2007 Consider Spindasis and Apharitis homogeneous with the senior synonymic genus Cigaritis based on destinctive genitalia of the same type. Thus all 'children' pages of Spindasis have non prefered names (if they are not already invalid because of other reasons): Spindasis aderna Plötz, 1880 Spindasis apelles Oberthür 1878 Spindasis apuleia Hulstaert 1924 Spindasis avriko Karsch Spindasis baghirmii Stempffer 1946 Spindasis balina Fruhstorfer Spindasis banyoana Bethune-Baker 1926 Spindasis barnesi Gabriel 1937/38 Spindasis barnesi Stempffer 1954 Spindasis batina Fruhstorfer 1912 Spindasis bellatrix Butler 1886 Spindasis bitje Druce 1910 Spindasis brunnea Jackson 1966 Spindasis buchanani Rothschild 1921 Spindasis callimon Druce Spindasis collinsi Kielland Spindasis congolanus Dufrane 1954 Spindasis crustaria Holland 1890 Spindasis cynica Riley 1921 Spindasis davidsoni Talbot 1936 Spindasis ducalis Fruhstorfer 1912 Spindasis ella Hewitson 1865 Spindasis elwesi Evans 1925 Spindasis esilicolor ? ? Spindasis eslicolor Elwes Spindasis etolus Cramer 1782 Spindasis fracta Stempffer 1948 Spindasis greeni Heron 1896 Spindasis heathi D'Abrera 1980 Spindasis hiendlnayrii De Nicéville 1895 Spindasis homeyeri Dewitz, 1886 Spindasis hypargyros Butler 1886 Spindasis icter Hewitson Spindasis javanus Fruhstorfer 1912 Spindasis kaduglii Bethune-Baker 1916 Spindasis kallimon Druce 1905 Spindasis kutu Corbet 1940 Spindasis learmondi Tytler 1940 Spindasis leechi Swinhoe 1912 Spindasis leonina Bethune-Baker 1904 Spindasis lohita Horsfield 1829 Spindasis loxura Rebel 1919 Spindasis masilikazi Wallengren 1857 Spindasis maximus Elwes 1892 Spindasis menelas Druce 1907 Spindasis milleri Corbet 1940 Spindasis minima Butler 1901 Spindasis montana Joicey & Talbot 1924 Spindasis morii Murayama 1952 Spindasis morinis Murayama 1967 Spindasis mysteriosa Clench 1965 Spindasis nairobiensis Sharpe 1904 Spindasis natalensis Westwood [1851] Spindasis negrita Felder Spindasis obscura Aurivillius 1923 Spindasis ohkuranis Murayama 1967 Spindasis pan Talbot 1935 Spindasis panasa Fruhstorfer 1912 Spindasis paradoxa Schultze, 1908 Spindasis pindarus Horsfield Spindasis pinheyi Heath 1983 Spindasis prospera Okada 1946 Spindasis pseudonyassae Vissian 1976 Spindasis rokana Fruhstorfer 1912 Spindasis rukma De Nicéville 1888 Spindasis sabulosa Hawker-Smith 1929 Spindasis scotti Gabriel 1954 Spindasis seliga Fruhstorfer 1912 Spindasis senama Fruhstorfer 1912 Spindasis somalina Butler, 1885 Spindasis spindasoides Aurivillius 1916 Spindasis subaureus Grose-Smith 1898 Spindasis takanonis Matsumura 1906 Spindasis tavetensis Lathy, 1906 Spindasis tavoyana Evans 1925 Spindasis trimeni Neave 1910 Spindasis vixinga Hewitson 1875 Spindasis vulcanus Fabricius 1775 Spindasis vulcanus Spindasis waggae Sharpe, 1898 Spindasis wakabayasii Murayama 1952 Spindasis zebrina Bryk 1946

    References:
    2007. Z.Weidenhoffer & G.C.Bozano Guide to the Butterflies of the Palearctic Region Lycaenidae part III Subfamily Theclinae Tribes Tomarini, Aphnaeini and Theclini (partim) - 97 pages
    http://eol.org/pages/32893/names
  • 83190_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Apharitis

    Weidenhoffer & Bozano 2007 Consider Spindasis and Apharitis homogeneous with the senior synonymic genus Cigaritis based on destinctive genitalia of the same type. Thus all 'children' pages of Apharitis have non prefered names (if they are not already invalid because of other reasons): Apharitis epargyros Eversmann 1854 Apharitis gilletti Riley 1925 Apharitis marginalis Riley 1921 Apharitis maxima Staudinger 1901 Apharitis obscurata Staudinger Apharitis sabaureus Grose-Smith 1898 Apharitis transcaspica Staudinger 1901

    References:
    2007. Z.Weidenhoffer & G.C.Bozano Guide to the Butterflies of the Palearctic Region Lycaenidae part III Subfamily Theclinae Tribes Tomarini, Aphnaeini and Theclini (partim) - 97 pages
    http://eol.org/pages/33077/names
  • 24270_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Tuttiola spini

    Blue Spot Hairstreak

    Synonym of Satyrium spini Fabricius, 1787 according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • 25354_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Strymon phyllodendri

    Synonym of Satyrium phyllodendri (Elwes, 1882) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Arthropoda > Nordmannia

    Nordmannia prunoides

    Synonym of Satyrium prunoides (Staudinger, 1887) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. See also http://eol.org/data_objects/12624526

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • 03650_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla rubicundula

    Synonym of Satyrium prunoides (Staudinger, 1887) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. See also http://eol.org/data_objects/12624526

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Fixsenia thalia

    Synonym of Satyrium thalia (Leech, 1893) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. See also http://eol.org/data_objects/12624526

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Fixsenia iyonis

    Synonym of Satyrium iyonis (Ota & Kusunoki, 1957) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. See also http://eol.org/data_objects/12624526

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Fixsenia v-album

    Synonym of Satyrium iyonis (Ota & Kusunoki, 1957) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. See also http://eol.org/data_objects/12624526

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Fixsenia inouei

    Synonym of Satyrium inouei (Shirozu, 1959) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. See also http://eol.org/data_objects/12624526

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Strymon fentoni

    Synonym of Satyrium w-album (Knoch, 1782), ssp. fentoni according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • 33244_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Strymon excessa

    Black Hairstreak

    Synonym of Satyrium pruni (Linnaeus, 1758) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla percomis

    Synonym of Satyrium percomis (Leech, 1893) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • 48127_88_88 Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Strymon affinis

    Synonym of Satyrium eximia (Fixsen, 1887) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla mushana

    Synonym of Satyrium eximia (Fixsen, 1887), mushana according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. Outside of Palaearctic

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla kanonis

    Possibly synonym of Satyrium eximia (Fixsen, 1887), ssp. mushana. Outside of Palaearctic

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla persimilis

    Synonym of Satyrium persimilis (Riley, 1939) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. Only male is known. Could be the same species as S. lais (only female known)

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla lais

    Synonym of Satyrium lais (Leech, 1893) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004. Only fzmale is known. Could be the same species as S. persimilis (only male known)

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla yangi

    Synonym of Satyrium yangi (Riley, 1939) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla patrius

    Synonym of Satyrium patrius (Leech 1891) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla ornata

    Synonym of Satyrium ornata (Leech, 1890) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla inflammata

    Synonym of Satyrium inflammata (Alpheraky, 1889) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Thecla grandis

    Synonym of Satyrium grandis (Felder & Felder, 1862) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Strymon oenone

    Synonym of Satyrium oenone (Leech, 1893 according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Nordmannia ornata

    Synonym of Satyrium ornata (Leech, 1890) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Nordmannia cerasi

    Synonym of Satyrium w-album (Knoch, 1782) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • 67025_88_88 cellular organisms > Eumaeini

    Neolycaena tengstroemi kasakhstana

    Synonym of Neolycaena kasakhstana (Lukhtanov 1990) according to Weidenhoffer et al. 2004.

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Pseudothecla lunulata

    Pseudothecla is synonym of Satyrium (Weidhoffer et al. 2004). So Pseudothecla lunulata should be synonym of Satyrium lunulata (Erschoff, 1874)

    References:
    Z Weidenhoffer, GC Bozano, S Churkin (2004). Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region: Lycaenidae part II
  • 41377_88_88 Animalia > Mantidae

    Tenodera sinensis

    Chinese Mantid

    This species is often erroneously given the taxonomic name of Tenodera aridifolia sinensis; when first classified, it was thought that T. sinensis was a subspecies of T. aridifolia but this is not the case.

    References:
    Ehrmann, R. 2002. Mantodea: Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Natur und Tier, Münster
    (fide http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chinese_mantis&oldid=473989412
  • Animalia > Lycaenidae

    Strymon dejeani

    Synonym of Satyrium dejeani (Riley, 1939). See http://eol.org/data_objects/12624526

  • 74460_88_88 Fungi > Entolomataceae

    Rhodocybe truncata

    Synonym of Rhodocybe truncata, http://www.speciesfungorum.org/Names/SynSpecies.asp?RecordID=282503, But also mentioned as H. theobrominum, which apparently is a good species(comm. Paul Kirk). See http://www.speciesfungorum.org/Names/GSDSpecies.asp?RecordID=133127 and http://www.basidiochecklist.info/DisplayResults.asp?intGBNum=38851.

  • Fungi > Diaporthaceae

    Aporhytisma urticae

  • Animalia > Nymphalidae

    Araschnia leechi

  • 59342_88_88 Fungi > Isaria Pers., 1794

    Isaria farinosa

  • Cortinarius nemorensis

  • 22632_88_88 cellular organisms > Phycitinae

    Acrobasis advenella

    Grey Knot-horn

    synonym of Acrobasis advenella

  • 72755_88_88 Animalia > Domeciidae

    Domecia hispida