Africanized honeybees (AHB), Apis mellifera scutellata, are the hybrid offspring resulting from the crossing of domestic or naturalized honeybees (Apis mellifera) of European descent and descendants of the more aggressive African honeybee strain, A. m. scutellata, that was intentionally brought to the New world for cultivation and later accidentally released to the environment. They are sometimes dramatically referred to as "killer bees."African honeybees have bodies that are covered in fuzz with an abdomen that is ringed with black stripes. They are very similar in appearance to European honeybees, although they are slightly smaller (Kaplan 2004, ISSG 2005).
- APHIS. 1993. Africanized honey bee fact sheet. Document FACTS-05. Available online.
- Abramson C.I., Aquino I.S., Azeredo G.A., and J.M. Price. 1997. Some preliminary studies on the ability of Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) to tolerate cold temperatures when placed inside a refrigerator. Psychological Reports 81:707-718.
- Breed M.D. 2003. Animal Behavior. Online textbook available online.
- Camazine S. and R. Morse. 1988. The Africanized Honeybee. American Scientist 76:465-471.
- Collins A.M. 2006. Sperm storage in Apis mellifera, proteomics, genomics and technology. Invited Symposia Presentation, International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI) 2006 Congress. Abstract available online.
- Kaplan J.K. 2004. What's buzzing with Africanized honey bees? USDA Agricultural Research Magazine 52:4-8. Available online.
- Kerr W.E. 1967. The history of the introduction of Africanized honey bees to Brazil. South African Bee Journal. 39:3-5.
- Rinderer T.E. 1986. Africanized bees: An overview. American Bee Journal. 126:98-100.
- Sanford M.T. and H.G. Hall. 2005. African honey bee: What you need to know. UF/IFAS Fact Sheet ENY-114. Reviewed: March 1995. Revised: September 2005. Available online.
- Vergara C., Dietz A., and A. Perez-de-Leon. 1993. Female Parasitism of European Honey Bees by Africanized Honey Bee Swarms in Mexico. Scientific American 269: 84-90.
- Villa J.D., Rinderer T.E., and J.A. Stelzer. 2002. Answers to the puzzling distribution of Africanized bees in the United States or "Why are those bees not moving east of Texas?" American Bee Journal 142:480-483.
- Winston M.L. 1992. Killer Bees. The Africanized Honey Bee in the Americas. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. 176p.
No one has provided updates yet.