Several species of acorn or balanoid barnacles inhabit the waters in and around the IRL. Probably the most commonly confused species with B. eburneus is the white bay barnacle, Balanus improvisus. This species is usually smaller than B. eburneus, at a maximum height of about 0.6 cm (Kaplan 1988). Definitive identification between species of acorn barnacles similar in appearance usually requires examination of the shape of the terga and scuta through dissection. The striped acorn barnacle, Balanus amphitrite, is similar in size and shape, but bears pink vertical stripes on the capitular plates. The non-native titan acorn barnacle, Megabalanus coccopoma, recently discovered in Florida waters as of the date of this text, has plates that are distinctly pink in color. The average size of most M. coccopoma is considerably larger than the other acorn barnacles found in Florida.Regional Occurrence & Habitat Preference: The range of the ivory barnacle is extensive, probably due in part to introductions of the species via the ballast water and hull fouling of ships (eg. Hawaii, Matsui et al. 1964). The native distribution of B. eburneus extends from Nova Scotia to Florida, the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico (Kaplan 1988). Large aggregations of the barnacle can be found on a variety of hard surfaces at or below the low tide line to a depth of about 37 m (Voss 1980), including: rocks; oysters, mussels and other mollusk shells; pilings; buoys; seawalls and prop roots of the red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle (Kaplan 1988, Ruppert & Fox 1988, Voss 1980, Zullo 1979).
- Bacon, PR. 1971. The maintenance of a resident population of B. eburneus (Gould) in relation to salinity fluctuation in a Trinidad mangrove swamp. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 6: 187-198.
- Boudreaux, ML, Walters, LJ & D Rittschof. 2009. Interactions between native barnacles, non-native barnacles, and the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica. Bull. Mar. Sci. 84: 43-57.
- Costlow, JD & CG Bookhout. 1957. Larval development of Balanus eburneus in the laboratory. Biol. Bull. 112: 313-324.
- Dineen, JF, Jr. & AH Hines. 1994. Larval recruitment of the polyhaline barnacle Balanus eburneus (Gould): Cue interactions and comparisons with estuarine congeners. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 179: 223-234.
- Gosner, KL. 1978. A field guide to the Atlantic seashore: Invertebrates and seaweeds of the Atlantic coast from the Bay of Fundy to Cape Hatteras. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, MA. USA. 329 pp.
- Henry, DP & PA McLaughlin. 1975. The barnacles of the Balanus amphitrite complex (Cirripedia, Thoracica). Zool. Verh. Leiden. 141: 3-254.
- Hoskin, CM & D Courtney. 1983. Biodeposition by a fouling community in the Indian River, Florida. Estuar. Coast. 6: 243-246.
- Kaplan, EH. 1988. A field guide to southeastern and Caribbean seashores: Cape Hatteras to the Gulf coast, Florida, and the Caribbean. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, MA. USA. 425 pp.
- Leibovitz, L & S Koulish. 1989. A viral disease of the ivory barnacle, Balanus eburneus, Gould (Crustacea, Cirripedia). Biol. Bull. 176: 301-307.
- Matsui, T, Shane, G & W Newman. 1964. On Balanus eburneus Gould (Cirripedia, Thoracica) in Hawaii. Crustaceana. 7: 141-145.
- Mook, D. 1976. Studies of fouling invertebrates in the Indian River. Bull. Mar. Sci. 26: 610-615.
- Norris, DR. 1991. Recruitment, growth, and survivorship of Balanus eburneus with respect to settlement, surface, and season. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 107: 123-130.
- O'Connor, NJ & DL Richardson. 1994. Comparative attachment of barnacle cyprids (Balanus amphitrite Darwin, 1854; B. improvisus Darwin, 1854; B. eburneus Gould, 1841) to polystyrene and glass substrata. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 183: 213-225.
- Páez-Osuna, F, Bójorquez-Leyva, H & J Ruelas-Inzunza. 1999. Regional variations of heavy metal concentrations in tissues of barnacles from the subtropical pacific coast of Mexico. Environ. Intern. 25: 647-654.
- Ruppert, EE & RD Barnes. Invertebrate zoology, 6th edition. Saunders College Publishing. Orlando, FL. USA. 1056 pp.
- Ruppert, EE. & RS Fox. 1988. Seashore animals of the Southeast: A guide to common shallow-water invertebrates of the southeastern Atlantic coast. University of SC Press. Columbia, SC. USA. 429 pp.
- Scheltema, RS & IP Williams. 1982. Significance of temperature to larval survival and length of development in Balanus eburneus (Crustacea: Cirripedia). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 9: 43-49.
- Toonen, RJ. 2005. Foundations of gregariousness in barnacles. J. Exp. Biol. 208: 1773-1774.Voss, GL. Seashore life of Florida and the Caribbean. Dover Publications, Inc. Mineola, NY. USA. 199 pp.
- Weis, JS & P Weis. 1992. Construction materials in estuaries: reduction in the epibiotic community on chromate copper arsenate (CCA) treated wood. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 83: 45-53.
- Zullo, VA. 1979. Marine flora and fauna of the northeastern United States. Arthropoda: Cirripedia. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS. Circ. 425. 29 pp.
No one has provided updates yet.