The oldest wild cardinal banded by researchers lived at least 15 years and 9 months. Annual survival rates for adult northern cardinals have been estimated at 60 to 65%. (Halkin and Linville, 1999)
This article is unpublished.
Appears under "Life Expectancy"
©1995-2008, The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors
© The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors
Animal Diversity Web
Tanya Dewey, Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
Kari Kirschbaum, Animal Diversity Web Staff
Jonathan Crane, University of Michigan
Dewey, T., J. Crane and K. Kirschbaum. 2001. "Cardinalis cardinalis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed September 03, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Cardinalis_cardinalis.html.
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