Global Protection: Several (4-12) occurrences appropriately protected and managed
Comments: A small percentage of nesting sites are adequately protected. NMFS (1998) designated critical habitat in the vicinity of Isla Mona and Isla Monito, Puerto Rico, seaward to 5.6 km.
Needs: This species would benefit from a ban on international commercial trade of shells. Most nesting beaches and adjacent land and waters need better protection from human disturbance. Year-round use of TEDs (turtle excluder devices) would be beneficial in some areas.
Frazer (1992) emphasized the primary need for clean and productive marine and coastal environments; installation of turtle excluder devices in shrimp trawl nets and use of low pressure sodium lighting on beaches were suggested as appropriate sea turtle conservation technologies, whereas headstarting, captive breeding, and hatcheries were regarded as ineffective at best. In Florida, marine pollution control and protection of coral reefs are needed (Meylan 1992). Mrosovsky (2000) argued that allowing sustainable trade would promote conservation better than would protection, but Robinson and Thorbjarnarson (2000) reported that Mrosovsky did not provide convincing support for a sustainable-use program.
See recovery plans for Atlantic and Pacific populations.