Management Requirements: Some basic needs are as follows: conduct population monitoring; protect, manage, and restore nesting populations and habitats; enforce laws to eliminate poaching and harassment; prevent egg and hatchling predation on beaches, including control or elimination of exotic nuisance species; ensure that beach nourishment and coastal construction activities are planned to avoid disruption of nesting and hatching; enact stronger restrictions on beachfront lighting, OCS oil drilling, etc. See recovery plan for U.S. Pacific populations (NMFS 1998).
See NMFS (Federal Register, 19 December 1996, pp. 66933-66947) for recent amendments to regulations pertaining to the use of turtle excluder devices along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of the southeastern U.S.
See USFWS (1998) for detailed information on recovery and management needs.
Management Research Needs: Investigate life history, including movement patterns.
Biological Research Needs: In many parts of the range, better information is needed on age to maturity, reproductive output, oceanic phase of small juveniles, and at-sea mortality in fisheries (NMFS and USFWS 2007).