Stewardship Overview: Population appears to have stabilized since 1940, although small changes in numbers occur locally (increasing or decreasing). This species is not experiencing the increase seen in other species of kites. An accurate method of assessing population trends needs to be developed. The species is threatened by extensive loss and alteration of breeding habitat, principally due to wetland drainage, agriculture, and short-rotation tree farming. Demographic studies and determination of threats on migration routes and winter range are urgently needed. Preservation of large tracts of heterogeneous habitat is necessary to ensure population recovery. In the United States, the most pressing need is to identify and protect privately owned nesting and roosting sites to ensure, at a minimum, persistence of the present small population.