Cancer magister is a decapod. Decopods' thoracic segment is fused with that of the head, to form the cephalothorax, which is covered by a carapace. The Dungeness crab has five pairs of thoracic legs. The first pair of legs is larger then the last four and has pinching claws. Cancer magister is a walking crab and therefore, the last pair of legs is adapted for walking. It has a flat and broad body, oval in shape. The anterior margin of the carapace has nine small teeth on each side, forming an elliptical curve. At the end of the curve, a large, pointed tooth projects directly outward. From this tooth, the carapace slopes backward, forming a narrow posterior end. Males range from 18 to 23 centimeters (about 7 to 9 inches)in width and 10 to 13 centimeters (4 to 5 inches) long. The color of the carapace is reddish-brown, fading towards the back. The legs and ventral side are yellowish.
Range length: 10 to 13 mm.
Other Physical Features: ectothermic ; heterothermic ; bilateral symmetry
- Headstrom, R. 1979. Lobsters, Crabs, Shrimps and Their Relatives. New York: A.S. Barnes and Company.