Mesoplodon layardii is a species which is threatened by many things: possible entanglement in drift nets and other nets; competition from expanding fisheries, especially on squids; pollution leading to accumulation of DDT and PCBs in body tissues; and they are the most stranded Ziphiid in Australia. In 1982, the National Stranding Contigency Plan was designed to outline scientific objectives and appropriate biological/veterinary research activies for the stranded whales.
Another focus for the conservation efforts lies in the development of objectives and agreements to protect cetaceans and their environment under federal and state laws. Strap-toothed whales are listed on Appendix II of CITES.
US Federal List: no special status
CITES: appendix ii
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: data deficient