Circumglobal in subtropical waters: Series of disjunct populations. Indo-Pacific: South Africa, Walter Shoals, Amsterdam Island, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Hawaii, Rapa, Pitcairn Island, and Easter Island. Eastern Pacific: British Columbia, Canada to Chile (Ref. 2850), including Desventuradas Is. and Juan Fernández Is. (Ref. 89357). Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena, South Africa (Ref. 7097).
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