Southern Ocean: circumpolar coastal Antarctic broadly to the Convergence (Ref. 11892). Endemic to the seas around (Ref. 5179).
- Miller, R.G. 1993 A history and atlas of the fishes of the Antarctic Ocean. Foresta Institute, Nevada. 792 p. (Ref. 11892) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=11892&speccode=467
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