The Andalusian donkey or Cordobes donkey is a formal breed of donkeys native to the province of Córdoba in Andalusia, Spain, and is also called the Lucena donkey because of its alleged origin in the town of Lucena, Córdoba is its origin. It is considered the oldest of the European breeds, at some 3,000 years, and today is rare.
It is a large breed in which males may reach 1.6 metres (5.2 ft) in height at the withers, and females 1.5 metres (4.9 ft). Its head is medium-sized, and sub-convex in profile; the neck is muscular. It has a long loin, with lean, sharp withers. Unlike other breeds of Spain, the coat is short, including that on the ears, and soft to the touch. The coat is predominantly black-gray thrush, sometimes leading to almost white. Given its origin in a semi-arid environment, it is well adapted to heat and lack of water. The Andalusian donkey is strong and sturdy, yet docile and calm. The breed spread from Córdoba to the south and center of the Iberian Peninsula.
The current state of Andalusian breed is critical. The number of purebred individuals is just over one hundred individuals, which is divided between private owners of donkeys and the conservation of ADEBA associations, which have helped keep up their numbers. Conservation plans include sparing use as work animal in the field and the forest (work which can also be done by horses), and use in rural tourism initiatives that have been followed in some places like Mijas (Málaga).
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