Barn swallows are very adaptable birds. They can nest anywhere where there are open areas for foraging, a water source, and a sheltered ledge for their nest. They seek out open habitats of all types, including farms, and are commonly found in barns or other outbuildings. They also build nests under bridges, the eaves of old houses, and boat docks, as well as in rock caves and even on slow-moving trains.
While migrating, barn swallows tend to fly over open habitats, often near water or along mountain ridges. Barn swallows generally nest below 3000 m elevation.
Range elevation: 3000 (high) m.
Habitat Regions: temperate ; tropical ; terrestrial
Terrestrial Biomes: savanna or grassland ; chaparral ; forest
Other Habitat Features: urban ; suburban ; agricultural ; riparian ; caves
- McWilliams, G. 2000. The Birds of Pennsylvania. New York: Cornell University Press.
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