bicarinatum. Myrmica bicarinata Nylander, 1846b: 1061 (w.q.) U.S.A. Forel, 1891b: 151 (m., misidentified as guineense); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1954d: 449 (l., misidentified as guineense); Wheeler, W.M. 1924c: 136 (gynandromorph, misidentified as guineense). Combination in Tetramorium: Mayr, 1862: 740; Bolton, 1977: 94. Junior synonym of Formica guineensis Fabricius, 1793: 357 (now in Pheidole): Mayr, 1862: 740. Revived from synonymy and senior synonym of cariniceps (and its junior synonym kollari), modesta Smith, reticulata: Bolton, 1977: 94. [Note. The names cariniceps, kollari and reticulata had previously been incorrectly synonymised with guineensis Fabricius by Roger, 1862c: 293; modesta Smith was wrongly synonymised with guineensis by Donisthorpe, 1932c: 463.] See also: Bolton, 1979: 164.