Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Various habitats from alpine to semi-arid shrubland, but most common in flooded grassland or marshes. Can also be found in suburban gardens. Common in both temporary and permanent water.
Breeding occurs at any time of year with peaks in spring and autumn. Males call from the ground or in low vegetation at the water's edge or in water on floating vegetation. About 500 - 700 eggs are laid in small clumps attached to submerged vegetation. In still water in ponds, dams, lakes, streamside ponds and flooded roadside ditches. Metamorphosis takes 6-7 months.
- Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.
- Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.
- Hero, J.-M., Littlejohn, M., and Marantelli, G. (1991). Frogwatch Field Guide to Victorian Frogs. Department of Conservation and Environment, Victoria.
- Martin, A. A., and Littlejohn, M. J. (1982). Tasmanian Amphibians. University of Tasmania, Hobart.