Global Range: Atlantic Coast from Gulf of St. Lawrence to northeastern. Florida (Page and Burr 2011).
Subspecies macrolepidotus: Newfoundland south to Connecticut, with disjunct populations in upper Chesapeake and Delaware bays. Subspecies heteroclitus: New Jersey south to Florida, including lower southern Chesapeake and Delaware bays. (Morin and Able 1983, Able and Felley 1986). These distributions are supported by morphological (Able and Felley 1986, Morin and Able 1983) and nuclear gene data (see Brown and Chapman 1991).