Comments: See Grubb (in Wilson and Reeder 2005) for a discussion of nomenclature (e.g., E. asinus versus E. africanus).
The scientific name change of Equus africanus from Equus asinus was adopted in March 2003 by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Based on the same opinion, the use of the E. africanus was also adopted by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals in 2008. CITES originally followed Wilson and Reeder (2005), however, because of the wild and domestic taxonomy issue previously raised by the Commission and the problems it created for enforcement officials, the Parties agreed to deviate from Wilson and Reeder by adopting the name E. africanus for the wild form of the African wild ass (listed in CITES Appendix I) and retaining the name E. asinus for the domesticated form, which is not listed under CITES. USFWS also has decided to follow this taxonomy and assign endangered status to E. africanus wherever found, and not the common domesticated or feral burro and donkey (E. asinus).