Length: 61-69 cm. Plumage: white; long plumes on back and breast when breeding. Immature like non-breeding adult. Bare parts: iris yellow, ruby red in breeding bird; lores and eye-ring yellow, green in breeding bird; bill deep yellow, red with orange tip in breeding birds; feet and legs black except tarsi which are red when breeding and yellow when not breeding. Habitat: edges of estuaries, lagoons and inland waters. <388><393><391>
- Brown, L.H., E.K. Urban & K. Newman (1982). The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.