Implantation is delayed 8 months or more. Gestation, including delayed implantation, lasts 9-12 months. In many areas, births peak in late winter-early spring; parturition dates may not be closely synchronized within a given population. Litter size is 1-6 (average 2-3); 1 litter per year. Young may first enter water at about 7 weeks, are weaned at about 3 months, stay with mother for about a year. Male may rejoin family after young leave den. Females breed for the first time at 2 years. Males become sexually mature at 2 years, but may not breed successfully until 5-7 years old. Females evidently breed in alternate years in some areas (e.g., Alabama, Georgia), every year in Oregon (see Toweill and Tabor 1982).
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