IUCN threat status:

Data Deficient (DD)

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First collected in 2001 and described in 2003 from Rhakine State in western Myanmar, the Myanmar spotted treefrog, Chiromantis punctatus, was named as the fourteenth species of Chirixalus and fourth species of this small rhacophorid tree frog genus known from Myanmar.  A 15th species, C. samkosensis, has subsequently been described (Lee et al. 2007).

Like its congenitors, C. punctatus is distinguished from other tree frogs by its opposable hand, in which the outer fingers oppose the inner fingers.  It has a distinctive, light yellowish-brown dorsal coloration with uniform brown speckling on its head, trunk and legs and a pale yellow stripe running dorsal-laterally from the snout, through the top of the iris, to the vent.  In some individuals the brown spots merge to form a broken dorsal-lateral stripe just below the yellow one.  The ventral coloring is pink-brown.  A small frog, males range in size between 21-25 mm (0.8-1 in.) in snout-vent length, and females are slightly larger (24.5-28.5 mm; 1-1.1 in.; Wilkinson et al. 2003). 

Currently known only from disturbed grassy habitats near (but not in) mountain evergreen forests in western Myanmar, these treefrogs live near standing water, perching on branches of bushes 1-2 meters (3-6 ft) off the ground.  Males call with a repeated “dat” every 3-4 seconds.  Pairs intertwine to mate on particular species of the genus Arum (Areceae) overhanging water pools, where females then lay eggs into a foam nest.  The larvae are thought to fall into the water below to develop (Wilkinson et al. 2003).


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© Dana Campbell

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