IUCN threat status:

Critically Endangered (CR)

Comprehensive Description

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Oedipina altura, also known as the Cartago Worm Salamander, is a moderately large species with males reaching a total length of 131mm with 19-20 costal grooves (although females may be larger). Much of the length is due to the long tail which usually comprises more than 50% of the total body length. This is a slender, dark gray to black salamander with limited markings in the form of small white spots found on the head, neck, and upper surface of the limbs. Limbs are moderately short with syndactylus hands and feet. The ventral surfaces and tail are black, although juveniles may be bronze above with a silver stripe separating the dorsum from the venter.(Savage 2002)

O. altura is similar to Oedipina pseudouniformis, but the two species may be distinguished by head shape. O. pseudouniformis is differentiated by a longer, narrower snout and head, whereas O. altura has a moderately wide head with a truncated snout.(Brame 1968)

O. altura is known from only three specimens.(Savage 2002)

A Spanish-language species account can be found at the website of Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio).


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