IUCN threat status:

Endangered (EN)

Comprehensive Description

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Eleutherodactylus simulans is a small frog, reaching 24 mm SVL in females and 18 mm in males. The skin of the dorsum is shagreened with scattered tubercles. The venter is smooth, slightly areolated on posterior edges. The digital discs are small. There is no webbing between the toes. The vomerine teeth, behind the choanae, are present in a long, arched series (Diaz and Fong 2001).

This frog is light ochraceous-tan (yellowish tan) dorsally, with a dark brown mottled pattern. There are two light dorsolateral stripes, which begin behind the upper eyelids and are slightly wider on the anterior half of the body. The dorsal surface of the snout has irregular blotches and an irregular dark brown interorbital bar. There is a dark brown (almost black) loreal stripe, sometimes fragmented. The flanks are slightly olive green. The limbs are mottled, not distinctively crossbarred. The thighs are dark brown on their anterior and posterior faces. The venter is white or slightly flesh-colored, with the throat and chest showing scattered brown dots. The iris is golden yellow on the upper half and orange-red on the lower half (Diaz and Fong 2001).

Eleutherodactylus simulans is a member of the subgenus Euhyas. (Heinicke et al., 2007)[3930].

Etymology- From the Latin simulans = resembling, referring to the external resemblance of this species to other known taxa (E. planirostris and E. ricordii) (Diaz and Fong 2001).


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