The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2004. pre-press, American Fisheries Society Special Publication 31
  • Boxshall, G. (2004). Lernaeocera branchialis (Linnaeus, 1767). In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2016). World of Copepods database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusets: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Croll, N. 1966. Ecology of Parasites. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Jones, J. 1998. Distant water sailors: parasitic copepoda of the open ocean. J. Marine Systems, 15: 207-214.
  • Lapage, G. 1951. Parasitic Animals. Cambridge: University Press.
  • Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767].
  • Matthews, B. 1998. An Introduction to Parasitology. Cambridge: University Press.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Roberts, L., J. Janovy Jr.. 2000. Foundations of Parasitology. 6th Ed.. USA: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc..
  • Rohde, K. 1993. Ecology of Marine Parasites: An Introduction to Marine Parasitology. 2nd Ed.. Trowbridge (UK): Redwood Books.
  • Scholz, T. 2001. Parasites in cultured and feral fish. Veterinary Parasitology, 84: 317-335.
  • Schram, T., P. Heuch. 2001. The egg string attachment mechanism of selected pennellid copepods. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K., 81: 23-32.
  • Van Damme, P. 1995. . Morphological and morphometric study on crustacean parasites with the genus Lernaeocera . International J. for Parasitology, 25: 1401-1411.


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