The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Knudsen, J. W. (1964). Observations of the reproductive cycles and ecology of the common Brachyura and crablike Anomura of Puget Sound, Washington. Pacific Science 18(3): 3- 33.
  • Lewis, T., M. Mews, D. E. Jelinski, and M. Zimmer. (2007). Detrital subsidy to the supratidal zone provides feeding habitat for intertidal crabs. Estuaries and Coasts 30: 451-458.
  • McGaw, I. J. (2001). Impacts of habitat complexity on physiology: Purple Shore Crabs tolerate osmotic stress for shelter. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 53: 865–876.
  • McGaw, I. J. (2003). Behavioral thermoregulation in Hemigrapsus nudus, the amphibious purple shore crab. The Biological Bulletin 204: 38-49.
  • Ng P.K.L. & Davie P. (2015). WoRMS Brachyura: World List of marine Brachyura (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Oliver, J. and A. Schmelter. (1997). Life history of the native shore crabs Hemigrapsus oregonensis and Hemigrapsus nudus and their distribution, relative abundance and size frequency distribution at four sites in Yaquina Bay, Oregon. Oregon State University.
  • Williams, Austin B., Lawrence G. Abele, D. L. Felder, H. H. Hobbs, Jr., R. B. Manning, et al. 1989. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Decapod Crustaceans. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 17. 77


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