The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Calonge, F.D. 1998. Gasteromycetes, I. Nidulariales, Phallales, Sclerodermatales, Tulostomatales. Flora Mycologica Iberica. Vol. 3. J. Cramer. p. 108-109
  • Calonge, F.D. y L. Verde. 1996. Nuevos datos sobre los Gasteromycetes de Venezuela. Bol. Soc. Micol. Madrid 21: 201-217
  • E.M. Fries. 1829. In: Syst. mycol. (Lundae) 3(1):16
  • Fr. Syst. Myc. 3: 16. 1829.
  • Garner, J.H.B. 1956. Gasteromycetes de Panamá y Costa Rica. Mycologia 48: 757" 764
  • Kirk P.M. (2015). Species Fungorum (version Feb 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Lazo W. 2001. Hongos de Chile. Atlas Micológico. Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile. Editorial Salesianos, Chile. 230 p.
  • Mata, M. 1999. Macrohongos de Costa Rica Vol. 1. Santo Domingo de Heredia, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, p. 128-129
  • Ponce de León, P. 1968. A Revision of the Family Geastraceae. Fieldiana Botany 31(14): 303"349
  • Pérez-Silva, E.; Herrera, T.; Esqueda-Valle, M. 1999. Species de Geastrum (Basidiomycotina: Geastraceae) from Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Micología 15: 89"104
  • Sunhede, S. 1989. Geastraceae (Basidiomycotina) Morphology, Ecology and Systematics with special emphasis on the North European Species. Synopsis Fungorum. Oslo, Norway, Fungiflora, p. 376-396.


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