Data about <i>Abies amabilis</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search TraitBank.

Distribution

 
native range includes
Additional detail
Alaska, USA
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
Canada
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
Lower 48 United States of America
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
 
geographic distribution
  • geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Additional detail
North America - Canada
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
North America - Canada - British Columbia
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
North America - United States
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
North America - United States - Alaska
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
North America - United States - California
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
North America - United States - Oregon
Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail
North America - United States - Washington
Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

 
flower color
Additional detail
yellow
  • yellow
    A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000324
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
leaf color
Additional detail
gray-green
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height median
Additional detail
165 ft mature
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height max
Additional detail
20 ft base age
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit or seed color
Additional detail
brown
  • brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
wood density
Additional detail
0.4 g/cm³
Global Wood Density Database  
 
growth habit
Additional detail
tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
 
shape
Additional detail
erect
  • erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
primary growth form
  • primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Additional detail
single stem
  • single stem
    Plant development by the production of one stem. Examples: corn (Zea mays) and American beech (Fagus grandifolia).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleStem
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail
high (>59)
  • high (>59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is higher than 59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/highCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage texture
Additional detail
medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

 
frost free days min
  • frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Additional detail
90 days
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance min
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Additional detail
38 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance max
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Additional detail
260 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil depth min
  • soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Additional detail
36 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
low temperature tolerance min
  • low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Additional detail
-28 degrees Fahrenheit
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
habitat
Additional detail
basalt
  • basalt
    Basalt is a volcanic rock which is formed by the rapid cooling of basaltic lava.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000236
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
basalt
  • basalt
    Basalt is a volcanic rock which is formed by the rapid cooling of basaltic lava.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000236
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
canopy
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
canopy
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
cold temperature habitat
  • cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coniferous forest biome
  • coniferous forest biome
    A coniferous forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000196
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
crater lake
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
delta
  • delta
    A tract of alluvium formed at the mouth of a river where the deposition ofsome of its load exceeds its rate of removal, crossed by the divergent channels (distributaries) of the river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000101
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
glacier
  • glacier
    A large, slow moving river of ice, formed from compacted layers of snow, that slowly deforms and flows in response to gravity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000133
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
histosol
  • histosol
    Histosols comprise soils formed in organic material. These vary from soils developed in predominantly moss peat in boreal, arctic and subarctic regions, via moss peat, reeds/ sedge peat (fen) and forest peat in temperate regions to mangrove peat and swamp forest peat in the humid tropics. Histosols are found at all altitudes, but the vast majority occurs in lowlands.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002243
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
humus
  • humus
    Organic matter in soil which has reached a point of stability, where it will break down no further and might, if conditions do not change, remain essentially as it is for centuries, or millennia.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
meadow
  • meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
national forest
  • national forest
    A protected forest or woodland area in the United States. National forests are controlled by the federal government and managed by the United States Forest Service, under the direction of the United States Department of Agriculture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000360
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
national park
  • national park
    A reserve of land, usually, but not always declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. National parks are a protected area of IUCN category II.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000367
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
peak
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
peninsula
  • peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
podzol
  • podzol
    Podzols are soils with a typically ash-grey upper subsurface horizon, bleached by loss of organic matter and iron oxides, on top of a dark accumulation horizon with brown, reddish or black illuviated humus and/or reddish Fe compounds. Podzols occur in humid areas in the boreal and temperate zones and locally also in the tropics.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002257
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sedimentary rock
  • sedimentary rock
    A rock formed by deposition of either clastic sediments, organic matter, or chemical precipitates (evaporites), followed by compaction of the particulate matter and cementation during diagenesis.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
slope
  • slope
    The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail
volcanic field
  • volcanic field
    A region of the earth's crust that is prone to localized volcanic activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000354
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
waterfall
  • waterfall
    A sudden descent of water over a step or ledge in the bed of a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000040
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
watershed
  • watershed
    The separation between neighbouring drainage basins (catchments). In hilly country, the divide lies along topographical peaks and ridges, but in flat country or on a high plateau (especially where the ground is marshy) the divide may be invisible - just a more or less notional line on the ground on either side of which falling raindrops will start a journey to different rivers, and even to different sides of a country or continent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000292
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wood
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
interacts with
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
 
elevation measurement
Additional detail
58.7 m
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
 
fire resistance
Additional detail
is not fire resistant
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
allelopathic effect
  • allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Additional detail
no known allelopathy
  • no known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil requirements
Additional detail
adapted to coarse textured soils
  • adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
adapted to fine textured soils
  • adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail
adapted to medium textured soils
  • adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail
none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
drought tolerance
Additional detail
low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
calcareous soil tolerance
  • calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Additional detail
low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
moisture use
Additional detail
medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
salt tolerance
Additional detail
none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shade tolerance
Additional detail
high tolerance
  • high tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Life History and Behavior

 
life cycle habit
Additional detail
perennial
  • perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shedability
Additional detail
evergreen
  • evergreen
    Evergreen (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to retain foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
bloom period
Additional detail
late spring
  • late spring
    The late part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateSpring
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
active growth period
Additional detail
spring and summer
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
slow
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
life span
Additional detail
high life span
  • high life span
    Increased life span: A life span which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001603
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
grass growth type
Additional detail
not a low growing grass
  • not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail
will not resprout
  • will not resprout
    The plant will not resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
germination requirements
Additional detail
cold stratification required
  • cold stratification required
    Cold stratification significantly increases the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fire tolerance
Additional detail
none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail
low
  • low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed period end
Additional detail
autumn
  • autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed period begin
Additional detail
summer
  • summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail
fruit/seed is not persistent
  • fruit/seed is not persistent
    The fruit or seed is not persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seeds per pound average
Additional detail
11,280
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed spread rate
  • seed spread rate
    The capability of the plant to spread through its seed production compared to other species with the same growth habit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedSpreadRate