The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bean, W.J. 1980. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, ed. 8, Vols. 1-4. John Murray, London
  • Farjon A. (2015). Conifer Database (version Jan 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Flora Japonica 2: 22, pl. 112. 1844. (Fl. Jap.)
  • Siebold & Zucc. 1842. In: Fl. Japon. 2 (3): 22, t. 112.
  • Systematisches Verzeichniss der im Indischen Archipel 82. 1854. (Syst. Verz.)
  • Trudy Imperatorskago S.-Peterburgskago Botaničeskago Sada 20: 117. 1901. (Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada)


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