The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • A Description of the Genus Pinus 2: 24. 1824. (Descr. Pinus)
  • Endl. 1847. In: Syn. Conif.: 198.
  • Farjon A. (2015). Conifer Database (version Jan 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Synopsis Coniferarum 198. 1847. (Syn. Conif.)
    1. Azevedo, J., and D. L. Morgan. 1974. Fog precipitation in coastal  California forests. Ecology 55:1135-1141.
    3. Ball, E. A. 1980. Personal communication. University of California,  Division of Natural Sciences, Santa Cruz.
    5. Ball, Ernest A., Dawn M. Morris, and James A. Rydelius. 1978.  Cloning of Sequoia sempervirens from mature trees through tissue  culture. In Proceedings, Table Ronde: Multiplication "In  vitro" d'Espèces Ligneuses. Gembloux, Belgique; 6-8 June,  1978. p. 181-226. Royaume de Belgique, Centre de Recherches Agronomiques  de l'Etat, Administration de la Recherche Agronomique, Ministère  de l'Agriculture.
    7. Barrette, B. R. 1966. Redwood sprouts on Jackson State Forest.  California Division of Forestry. State For. Note 29, 8 p.
    9. Bega, Robert V., tech. coord. 1978. Diseases of Pacific Coast  conifers. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 521.  Washington, DC. 206 p.
    11. Blythe, Gene. 1984. Cutting propagation of Sequoia sempervirens  cultivars. Proc. International Plant Propagators Society 34:204-2  11.
    13. Boe, Kenneth N. 1966. Windfall after experimental cuttings in  old-growth redwood. In Proceedings, Society of American  Foresters National Meeting; Oct. 24-28, 1965, Detroit, MI. p. 59-63.  Washington, DC.
    15. Boe, Kenneth N. 1968. Cone production, seed dispersal, germination,  in old-growth redwood cut and uncut stands. USDA Forest Service,  Research Note PSW-184. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA. 7 p.
    17. Boe, Kenneth N. 1974. Growth and mortality after regeneration  cuttings in old-growth redwood. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  PSW-104. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA. 13 p.
    19. Boe, Kenneth N. 1974. Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl.  redwood. In Seeds of woody plants in the United States. p.  764-766. C. S. Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC.
    21. Boe, Kenneth N. 1975. Natural seedlings and sprouts after  regeneration cuttings in old-growth redwood. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper PSW-111. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment  Station, Berkeley, CA. 17 p.
    23. Bolsinger, Charles L. 1980. California forests: trends, problems, and  opportunities. USDA Forest Service, Resource Bulletin PNW-89. Pacific  Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR. 138 p. 
    25. Boulay, M. 1979. Multiplication et clonage rapide du Sequoia  sempervirens per la culture "in vitro." p. 49-55. In  Etudes et Recherches, Association Foret-Cellulose, Domaine de  l'Etancon, Nangis, France.
    27. Clark, Joe W., and Theodore C. Scheffer. 1983. Natural decay  resistance of heartwood of coast redwood Sequoia sempervirens (D.  Don) Endl. Forest Products Journal 33(5):15-20.
    29. Cole, Dana W. 1983. Redwood sprout growth three decades after  thinning. Journal of Forestry 81(3):148-150, 157.
    31. Dallimore, W., and A. Bruce Jackson. 1967. A handbook of Coniferae  and Ginkgoaceae. 4th ed. Revised by S. G. Harrison. St. Martin's Press,  New York. 729 p.
    33. Davis, Douglas F., and Dale F. Holderman. 1980. The white redwoods:  ghosts of the forest. Naturegraph Publishers, Happy Camp, CA. 45 p. 
    35. Durgin, Philip B. 1981. Organic matter content of soil after logging  of fir and redwood forests. USDA Forest Service, Research Note PSW-346.  Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA. 4  p.
    37. Fritz, Emanuel, and James A. Rydelius. 1966. Redwood reforestation  problems: an experimental approach to their solution. Foundation for  American Resource Management, San Francisco, CA. 130 p.
    39. Fujimori, Takao. 1977. Stem biomass and structure of a mature Sequoia  sempervirens stand on the Pacific Coast of northern California. Journal  of the Japanese Forestry Society 59(12):435-441.
    41. Furniss, R. L., and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1339. Washington,  DC. 654 p.
    43. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees of the  United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 386.  Washington, DC. 658 p.
    45. Jacobs, Diana F., Dana W. Cole, and Joe R. McBride. 1985. Fire  history and perpetuation of natural coast redwood ecosystems. Journal of  Forestry 83(8):494-497.
    47. Krumland, B., and L. C. Wensel. 1977. Height growth patterns and  fifty-year base age site index curves for young growth coastal redwood.  Cooperative Redwood Yield Research Note 4. University of California,  Department of Forestry and Resource Management, Berkeley. 11 p.
    49. Krumland, B., and L. C. Wensel. 1980. Illustrative yield tables for  coastal conifers in California. Cooperative Redwood Yield Research Note  18. University of California, Department of Forestry and Resource  Management, Berkeley. 25 p.
    51. Kuser, John E. 1976. Potential site index of redwood as a function of  climate. Thesis (M.S.), Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ. 98 p. 
    53. Libby, W. J. 1981. Personal communication. University of California,  Department of Forestry and Conservation, Berkeley. 25 p.
    55. Libby, William J. 1982. Cloning coast redwoods. California  Agriculture 36(8):34-35.
    57. Libby, W. J., and B. G. McCutchan. 1978. Taming the redwood. American  Forests 84(8):18-23, 37-39.
    59. Libby, W. J., B. G. McCutchan, and C. I. Millar. 1981. Inbreeding  depression in selfs of redwood. Silvae Genetica. 30:15-25.
    61. Lindquist, James L. 1979. Sprout regeneration of young-growth  redwood: sampling methods compared. USDA Forest Service, Research Note  PSW-337. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA. 8 p.
    63. Lindquist, James L., and Marshall N. Palley. 1963. Empirical yield  tables for young-growth redwood. California Agricultural Experiment  Station, Bulletin 796. Berkeley. 47 p.
    65. Lindquist, James L., and Marshall N. Palley. 1967. Prediction of  stand growth of young redwood. California Agricultural Experiment  Station, Bulletin 831. Berkeley. 47 p.
    67. Major, Jack. 1977. California climate in relation to  vegetation. In Terrestrial vegetation of California. p. 11-74.  Michael G. Barbour and Jack Major, eds. John Wiley, New York. 
    69. Neal, Robert L., Jr. 1967. Sprouting of old-growth redwood  stumps--first year after logging. USDA Forest Service, Research  Note PSW-137. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station,  Berkeley, CA. 8 p.
    71. Olson, David F., Jr., and John Fiske. 1983. Redwood. In Silvicultural  systems for the major forest types of the United States. p. 37-40.  Russell M. Bums, tech. compiler. USDA Forest Service, Agricultural  Handbook 445.
    73. Powers, R F., and H. V. Wiant, Jr. 1970. Sprouting of old-growth  coastal redwood stumps. Forest Science 16:339-341.
    75. Roy, Douglass F. 1965. Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens [D. Don] Endl.).  In Silvics of forest trees of the United States. p. 663-670. H. A.  Fowells, comp. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC.
    77. Roy, Douglass F. 1966. Silvical characteristics of redwood (Sequoia  sempervirens [D. Don] Endl.). USDA Forest Service, Research Paper  PSW-28. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley,  CA. 20 p.
    79. Roy, Douglass F. 1972. Fasciation in redwood. Madroño  21(7):462.
    81. Sclarbaum, S. E., and T. Tsuchiya. 1984. A chromosome study of coast  redwood, Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. Silvae Genetica  3(2/3):56-62.
    83. Society of American Foresters. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. F. H. Eyre, ed. Washington, DC. 148 p.
    85. Stone, Edward C., and Richard B. Vasey. 1968. Preservation of coast  redwood on alluvial flats. Science 159(3811):157-161.
    87. Stuart, John D. 1987. Fire history of an old-growth forest of Sequoia  sempervirens (Taxodiaceae) forest in Humboldt Redwoods State Park,  CA. Madroño 34(2):128-141.
    89. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1975. Soil  taxonomy: a basic system of soil classification for making and  interpreting soil surveys. Soil Survey Staff, coords. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 436. Washington, DC. 754 p.
    91. University of California. 1979. California forest soils: a guide for  professional foresters and resource managers and planners. Robert J.  Laacke, coord. University of California, Division of Agricultural  Sciences, Berkeley. 181 p.
    93. Veirs, Stephen D., Jr. 1980. The role of fire in northern coast  redwood forest dynamics. In Proceedings, Conference on  Scientific Research in the National Parks. vol. 10, Fire Ecology. Nov.  26-30, 1979, San Francisco, CA. p. 190-209. National Park Service,  Washington, DC. 403 p.
    95. Veirs, Stephen D., Jr. 1980. The influence of fire in coast redwood  forests. In Proceedings, Fire History Workshop, Oct. 20-24,  1980, Tucson, AZ. p. 93-95. USDA Forest Service, General Technical  Report RM-81. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort  Collins, CO.
    97. Waring, R. H., and J. Major. 1964. Some vegetation of the California  coastal redwood region in relation to gradients of moisture, nutrients,  light, and temperature. Ecological Monographs 34(2):167-215.
    99. Zahl, Paul A. 1964. Finding the Mt. Everest of all living things.  National Geographic 126(l):10-51.
    101. Zinke, Paul J. 1977. The redwood forest and associated north coast  forests. In Terrestrial vegetation of California. p. 679-698.  Michael G. Barbour and Jack Major, eds. John Wiley, New York.
    103. Zinke, Paul J. 1984. Forest soil properties related to nutrient  storage and their change in the harvest of old-growth, and the regrowth  and harvest of second-growth redwood forests. In Proceedings of  Convention of Society of American Foresters. 1983. Washington, DC. p.  210-215.


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