IUCN threat status:

Near Threatened (NT)

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Glyphoglossus molossus

Glyphoglossus molossus is a species of frog in the Microhylidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Glyphoglossus.[2] Its common name is the blunt headed burrowing frog.

Distribution and Habitat[edit]

It is found in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, moist savanna, intermittent freshwater marshes, rural gardens, and heavily degraded former forest.

Breeding Biology[edit]

These large, burrowing frogs follow the general theme of microhylids that deposit aquatic eggs. There is explosive breeding activity in ephemeral water sources such as ponds and ditches. The frogs perform multiple amplectic dips to oviposit surface films of pigmented eggs. A portion of a clutch is released with each dip, with a dip lasting for about 6 seconds. 200-300 eggs are released per dip. The ova have a dark black animal pole and yellow vegetal pole.[3] Tadpoles feed by filtering suspended material in the water column. [4]

Status[edit]

It is threatened by habitat loss.[1] It is also collected in large numbers as food during the breeding season.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b van Dijk, P.P. & Chan-ard, T. (2004). "Glyphoglossus molossus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Glyphoglossus Günther, 1869". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Zootaxa. 2014 Jun 4;(3811):381-6. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3811.3.9. The breeding behavior of Glyphoglossus molossus and the tadpoles of Glyphoglossus molossus and Calluella guttulata (Microhylidae). authors Altig & Rowley retrieved 20 Jan 2015
  4. ^ a b http://australianmuseum.net.au/blogpost/Science/AMRI-private-life-of-a-poorly-known-frog

Unreviewed

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Source: Wikipedia

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