IUCN threat status:

Critically Endangered (CR)

Distribution

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Range Description

Turdus xanthorhynchus is endemic to the island of Prncipe, So Tom and Principe(del Hoyo et al. 2005). The taxon was discovered in 1901 (Clement and Hathway 2000, del Hoyo et al. 2005). After an absence of records since the 1920s, it was rediscovered in 1997, and has since been found to be common in the remaining forest in the centre and south of the island (del Hoyo et al. 2005, Jones and Tye 2006, Dallimer et al. 2010). It is now considered a separate species rather than a subspecies of T. olivaceofuscus (Melo et al. 2010). Following a survey of Prncipe in 2007, a population estimate of 364 individuals (95% CI: 186-887) was put forward (Dallimer et al. 2010). However, the authors consider this to be an overestimate because the species does not occupy all areas of primary forest and the data may have been biased by the species's habit of readily approaching humans, thus it is estimated that there are fewer than 250 mature individuals (Dallimer et al. 2010).

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Source: IUCN

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