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As their name suggests, body lice, sometimes nicknamed "seam squirrels," are found hiding in and attaching their eggs to clothing, whereas head lice inhabit the scalp and attach their eggs at the base of hairs. Body lice infest mostly those living with poor hygiene and who do not have access to bathing facilities or clean sheets and clothes, as infestations do not persist through bathing and laundering. These lice can carry such diseases as louse-borne typhus (Rickettsia prowazeki), trench fever (Rochalimaea Quintana), and louse-borne relapsing fever (Borrellia recurrentis). Head lice, on the other hand, are not known to be disease vectors.
(Morgan 2001; Smith; Wikipedia 2011a, 2011b)