The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • APHIS. 1993. Africanized honey bee fact sheet. Document FACTS-05. Available online.
  • Abramson C.I., Aquino I.S., Azeredo G.A., and J.M. Price. 1997. Some preliminary studies on the ability of Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) to tolerate cold temperatures when placed inside a refrigerator. Psychological Reports 81:707-718.
  • Africanized Honey Bee, Texas A & M University Department of Entomology
  • Africanized Honey Bees, Keith S. Delaplane, The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension, January 2006
  • Africanized Honey Bees, USDA Agricultural Research Service
  • Are Africanized Bees more efficient pollinators than European Bees?, John Carlson, Mad Sci Network, May 11, 1999
  • Behavior Characteristics of the Africanized Bees, Apis mellifera scutellata, Elizabeth L. Sears, Colorado State University
  • Breed M.D. 2003. Animal Behavior. Online textbook available online.
  • Camazine S. and R. Morse. 1988. The Africanized Honeybee. American Scientist 76:465-471.
  • Collins A.M. 2006. Sperm storage in Apis mellifera, proteomics, genomics and technology. Invited Symposia Presentation, International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI) 2006 Congress. Abstract available online.
  • Focus on: Africanized Honey Bees in the Americas, Bee aware: Notes and News on Beekeeping, Mid-Atlantic Apiculture Research and Extension Consortium, April 2002
  • Kaplan J.K. 2004. What's buzzing with Africanized honey bees? USDA Agricultural Research Magazine 52:4-8. Available online.
  • Kerr W.E. 1967. The history of the introduction of Africanized honey bees to Brazil. South African Bee Journal. 39:3-5.
  • Rinderer T.E. 1986. Africanized bees: An overview. American Bee Journal. 126:98-100.
  • Sanford M.T. and H.G. Hall. 2005. African honey bee: What you need to know. UF/IFAS Fact Sheet ENY-114. Reviewed: March 1995. Revised: September 2005. Available online.
  • Vergara C., Dietz A., and A. Perez-de-Leon. 1993. Female Parasitism of European Honey Bees by Africanized Honey Bee Swarms in Mexico. Scientific American 269: 84-90.
  • Villa J.D., Rinderer T.E., and J.A. Stelzer. 2002. Answers to the puzzling distribution of Africanized bees in the United States or "Why are those bees not moving east of Texas?" American Bee Journal 142:480-483.
  • What's Buzzing with Africanized Honey Bees?, J. Kim Kaplan, Agricultural Research magazine, USDA Agricultural Research Service, March 2004
  • Winston M.L. 1992. Killer Bees. The Africanized Honey Bee in the Americas. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. 176p.


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