IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

General Ecology

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Forms coveys in late summer and early fall. Coveys usually number 3-20 (often 5-10) birds, break up in late winter. Relatively sedentary in summer, but thought to travel at least 25 kilometers in some locations to avoid snow in winter (Gutierrez and Delehanty 1999). In winter daily movements usually are less than 1000 yards; in summer usually less than 1/2 mile (Bureau of Land Management, no date). Densities of 9-30 individuals/100 ha have been recorded in different California habitats.


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