DistributionRead full entry
Arctic Loons or black-throated divers (Gavia arctica) have a large global distribution, as they are found across roughly 10 million square kilometers. They are a migratory species, restricted to regions throughout the northern hemisphere.
The winter range of Arctic loons is much more extensive than that of their breeding range. In winter, they are primarily found on large lakes off the coasts of Europe, Asia and North America, including the northern tundra and taiga habitats of Canada, Russia, Scandinavia and Greenland. European populations typically inhabit areas ranging from the Baltic Sea to the northern Mediterranean during winter months. North American populations commonly settle along the Pacific coast from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California during the winter. Throughout the breeding season, Arctic loons extend across portions of Eurasia, and occasionally extend to parts of western Alaska. Roughly half of the western European population breeds in Sweden. Vagrant or accidental individuals also have been noted in northern Africa, southwestern Europe, western Middle East, and India.
Biogeographic Regions: palearctic (Native )