Data about <i>Sula leucogaster</i>

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Distribution

 
latitude min
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
-37.9 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
36.45 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-124 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
152.38 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Djibouti
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Eritrea
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Gulf of Mexico
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Kenya
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Red Sea
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Somalia
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Tanzania
World Register of Marine Species  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
74.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) min
Additional detail
64 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) max
Additional detail
85 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
1,300 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass min
Additional detail
950 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
1,800 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
Additional detail
3.11 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
wingspan average
Additional detail
143.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
wingspan min
Additional detail
132 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
wingspan max
Additional detail
155 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
sexual dimorphism
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
Additional detail
female larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
sexes colored or patterned differently
  • sexes colored or patterned differently
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Sexes_colored_or_patterned_differently
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
1,134 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
atoll
  • atoll
    An oceanic island, often having a characteristic ring-like shape surrounding a lagoon. Atolls are formed when coral reef grows around a volcanic island that later subsides into the ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000166
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
bay
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
cliff
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine habitat
  • marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail
mound
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
nest of bird
  • nest of bird
    A bird nest is the spot in which a bird lays and incubates its eggs and raises its young.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005805
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
nest of bird
  • nest of bird
    A bird nest is the spot in which a bird lays and incubates its eggs and raises its young.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005805
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
oceanic island
  • oceanic island
    An island that does not sit on a continental shelf, and is of volcanic origin.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000222
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
saline water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shore
  • shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stack
  • stack
    A geological landform consisting of a steep and often vertical column or columns of rock in the sea near a coast.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000419
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
subtropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail
tropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
volcanic field
  • volcanic field
    A region of the earth's crust that is prone to localized volcanic activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000354
Environments - EOL project  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
marine pelagic biome
  • marine pelagic biome
    The marine pelagic biome (pelagic meaning open sea) is that of the marine water column, from the surface to the greatest depths.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000023
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
primary diet
Additional detail
preys upon or scavenges vertebrates adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
 
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail
0.037 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water nitrate concentration max
Additional detail
4.27 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature min
Additional detail
14.44 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature max
Additional detail
28.9 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail
0.98 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration max
Additional detail
3.3 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail
0.054 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration max
Additional detail
0.49 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail
4.46 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration max
Additional detail
5.99 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail
98.15 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation max
Additional detail
106.01 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity min
Additional detail
32.48 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity max
Additional detail
36.41 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
altricial
  • altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
pair provides care
  • pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
2
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-1.19
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
1,278 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
1,278 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
1 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
27.2
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.11 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Additional detail
41 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
migratory
  • migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Decreasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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