The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2005. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2005.11.05
  • 2005. website, AOU Check-List (07-2005)
  • American Ornithologists's Union. 1998. Check-List of North American Birds (The Species of Birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, Including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands). 7th.ed.. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A..
  • BirdLife International 2012. Selasphorus flammula
  • Bucher, T. L. and M. A. Chappell (1997). Respiratory exchange and ventilation during nocturnal torpor in hummingbirds. Physiological Zoology 70: 45-52.
  • Clark, C. J., Feo, T. J., and I. Escalante (2011). Courtship displays and natural history of Scintillant (Selasphorus scintilla) and Volcano (S. flammula) hummingbirds. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 218-228.
  • Delgado, R.; R.G. Campos; J. Sánchez y Ch. Gómez. 1998. Lista de Aves de Costa Rica/ Checklist of Costa Rican Birds. ASOCIACION ORNITOLOGICA DE COSTA RICA. San José. Costa Rica. 28 p..
  • Ditto, A. M. and J. K. Frey. Effects of ecogeographic variables on genetic variation in montane mammals: implications for conservation in a global warming scenario. Journal of Biogeoraphy 34: 1136-1149.
  • Fogden, M. & Fogden, P. (2005). Hummingbirds of Costa Rica. Miami: Distribuidores Zona Tropical, S.A..
  • Garrigues, R. and Dean, R. (2007). The Birds of Costa Rica. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Gill, F. (1988). Trapline foraging by hermit hummingbirds: cooperation for an undefended, renewable resource. Ecology 69: 1933-1942.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Hainsworth, F. R. and L. L. Wolf (1972). Energetics of nectar extraction in a small, high altitude, tropical hummingbird, Selasphorus flammula. Journal of Comparative Physiology 80: 377-387.
  • Henderson, C. (2002). Field Guide to the Wildlife of Costa Rica. Austin: University of Texas Press.
  • Hilty, S. (1994). Birds of Tropical America. Shelburne: Chapters Publishing Ltd.
  • Lawler, J. J., Shafer, S. L., White, D., Kareiva, P., Maurer, E. P., Blaustein, A. R., and P. J. Barlein. Projected climate-induced faunal change in the western hemisphere. Ecology 90: 588-597.
  • Lewis, T.J. & F.G. Stiles.1980. Locational checklist of the birds of Costa Rica. Costa Rica Expeditions. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Sibley, Ch. and B. Monroe, Jr.. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press. New Haven & London. 1111 p.
  • Slud, P. 1964. The birds of Costa Rica: Distribution and Ecology. Bulletin of The American Museum of Natural History 128: 5-430
  • Stiles, F.G. & A. F.Skutch. 1995. Guía de Aves de Costa Rica.Traducción al Español: Loretta Rosselli. Ilustrado por Dana Gardner. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Heredia, Costa Rica. 580 p.
  • Stiles, F.G. & Skutch, A.F. (1989). A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Ithaca: Cornstock Publishing Associates.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1983. Checklist of birds. Pp. 530-544, In: D.H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Wolf, L. 1976. Avifauna of The Cerro de la Muerte Region Costa Rica. American Museum Novitates (2606): 1-37.
  • Wolf, L. L., Hainsworth, F. R., and F. B. Gill (1975). Foraging efficiencies and time budgets in nectar-feeding birds. Ecology 56: 117-128.


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