The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2005. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2005.11.05
  • 2010. "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species" (On-line). Campylopterus hemileucurus. Accessed April 04, 2011 at
  • American Ornithologists's Union. 1998. Check-List of North American Birds (The Species of Birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, Including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands). 7th.ed.. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A..
  • Bamesberger, J., V. Fitz, J. Atwood. 1991. Temporal patterns of singing activity at leks of the White-Bellied Emerald. The Wilson Bulletin, 103/3: 373-386.
  • Bird, D. 2004. The Bird Almanac: A Guide to Essential Facts and Figures of the World's Birds. New York: Firefly Books.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Campylopterus hemileucurus
  • CITES, 2010. "Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora" (On-line). Accessed April 04, 2011 at
  • Campbell, B., E. Lack. 1985. A Dictionary of Birds. Vemillion: Buteo Books.
  • Coffee & Conservation, 2009. "Coffee and conservation are your beans for the birds" (On-line). Accessed April 05, 2011 at
  • Delgado, R.; R.G. Campos; J. Sánchez y Ch. Gómez. 1998. Lista de Aves de Costa Rica/ Checklist of Costa Rican Birds. ASOCIACION ORNITOLOGICA DE COSTA RICA. San José. Costa Rica. 28 p..
  • Dickey, D., A. Van Rossem. 1938. The Birds of El Salvador. Chicago: Field Museum of National History.
  • Dunning, J. 2008. CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses. Florida: CRC Press.
  • Elizondo, L.H. 1991. Inventario de especies de aves de la Escuela de Agricultura de la Región Tropical Húmeda (EARTH). Guácimo, Limón, Costa Rica. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Heredia Costa Rica. 7 p.
  • Feinsinger. 1977. Notes on the hummingbirds of Monteverde, Cordillera de Tilarán, Costa Rica. The Wilson Bulletin 89(1): 159-164.
  • Gill, F. 1995. Ornithology, Second Edition. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Henderson, C. 2010. Birds of Costa Rica: A Field Guide. Texas: University of Texas Press.
  • Howell, S. 2002. Hummingbirds of North America. San Diego: AP Natural World.
  • Land, H. 1963. A collection of birds from the Caribbean lowlands of Guatemala. The Condor, 65/1: 49-65.
  • Lewis, T.J. & F.G. Stiles.1980. Locational checklist of the birds of Costa Rica. Costa Rica Expeditions. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Marin, M. 2001. Postnatal development of the violet sabrewing in Costa Rica. The Wilson Bulletin, 113/1: 110-114.
  • Michigan Natural Features Inventory, 2009. "Michigan's Special Animals" (On-line). Accessed April 04, 2011 at
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Perry, L. 2011. "Those hummingbirds in your garden" (On-line). Accessed May 01, 2011 at
  • Remsen, J., F. Stiles, P. Scott. 1986. Frequency of arthropods in stomachs of tropical hummingbirds. The Auk, 103/2: 436-441.
  • Ridgway, R., H. Friedmann. 1911. The Birds of North and Middle America. Washington: Government printing office.
  • Schuchmann, K. 1999. Family Trochilidae. J del Hoyo, A Elliott, S Jordi, eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.
  • Sibley, C., B. Monroe Jr. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Sibley, Ch. and B. Monroe, Jr.. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press. New Haven & London. 1111 p.
  • Sktuch, A., A. Singer. 1973. The Life of the Hummingbird. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc..
  • Skutch, A., S. Adams, C. Henderson. 2010. Birds of Costa Rica: A Field Guide. Austin Texas: University of Texas Press.
  • Slud, P. 1960. The birds of Finca La Selva, Costa Rica: A tropical wet forest locality. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 121(2): 146 p.
  • Slud, P. 1964. The birds of Costa Rica: Distribution and Ecology. Bulletin of The American Museum of Natural History 128: 5-430
  • Stiles, F.G. & A. F.Skutch. 1995. Guía de Aves de Costa Rica.Traducción al Español: Loretta Rosselli. Ilustrado por Dana Gardner. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio). Heredia, Costa Rica. 580 p.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1977. Checklist of the birds of La Selva and vicinity. Universidad de Costa Rica. San José, Costa Rica. 12 p.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1983. Checklist of birds. Pp. 530-544, In: D.H. Janzen (ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1985. Conservation of forest birds in Costa Rica: Problems and perspectives. ICBP Technical Publication 4: 141-168.
  • Stiles, F.G. 1991. Forest Birds - Caribbean slope. s.d. 7 p. (manuscrito).
  • Stiles, F.G. 1991. Lista preliminar de la avifauna de la Reserva Forestal de San Ramón. Pp. 73-78, In: R. Ortiz (ed.). Memoria de Investigación, Reserva Forestal de San Ramón. Oficina de Publicaciones, Sede de Occidente, Universidad de Costa Rica.
  • Tyrrell, E., R. Tyrell. 1985. Hummingbirds: Their Life and Behavior. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc.
  • U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, 2011. "Migratory Bird Program" (On-line). Accessed April 04, 2011 at
  • Wagner, H. 1946. Food and feeding habits of Mexican hummingbirds. The Wilson Bulletin, 58/2: 69-93.
  • Williamson, S. 2001. A Field Guide to Hummingbirds of North America. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Willmer, P., S. Corbet. 1981. Temporal and microclimatic partitioning of the floral resources of Justicia aurea amongst a concourse of pollen vectors and nectar robbers. Oecologia, 51/1: 67-78.


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