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Range DescriptionCampylopterus phainopeplus is endemic to the Santa Marta mountains, north-east Colombia, where it is locally fairly common on the south-east and north slopes (Hilty and Brown 1986, L.G.Olarte and M.Pearman per P.G.W.Salaman in litt. 1998, 1999 and verbally 2000, (P.Coopmans in litt. 2000). The few recent records (G.M.Kirwan in litt 1998) are from two sites on the south-east slope (L.G.Olarte and M.Pearman per P.G.W.Salaman in litt. 1998, 1999 and verbally 2000) and one on the San Lorenzo ridge (P.Coopmans in litt. 2000), the massif's north-western extremity, during the 1990s. The paucity of records is presumably related to a lack of observers in this politically and militarily sensitive region (G.M.Kirwan in litt 1998), although the reason it went unrecorded on the relatively well-watched San Lorenzo ridge until 1999 is unknown.