DistributionRead full entry
Range DescriptionThis species has an extensive but narrow and altitudinally restricted linear distribution on the coastal ranges of north-central Venezuela (Carabobo and Aragua) and north-eastern Colombia (Santa Marta Mountains), and from the subtropical slopes of the Andes from Venezuela (Mérida and Perijá Mountains) through Colombia, Ecuador and Peru to west-central Bolivia and north-western Argentina (Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990, Thiollay 1994, Roesler et al. 2008). It is thought to be rare and patchily distributed but its status is very poorly known (Thiollay 1994, Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001). The total population is precautionarily estimated to include fewer than 1,000 mature individuals (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001, C. Márquez in litt. 2014), with no more than 250 mature individuals in each sub-population.