Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>

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Distribution

 
native range includes
Additional detail
United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
 
latitude min
Additional detail
18.21 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
Additional detail
44.85 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
Additional detail
-97.8 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
Additional detail
-65.4 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
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Allegheny Highlands forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Atlantic coastal pine barrens
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Blue Mountains forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
British Columbia mainland coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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California Central Valley grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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California coastal sage and chaparral
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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California interior chaparral and woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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California montane chaparral and woodlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Cascade Mountains leeward forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central and Southern Cascades forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central and Southern mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central forest-grasslands transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central Pacific coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central U.S. hardwood forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Chihuahuan desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Clark County
Washington Bird Phenology  
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Colorado Plateau shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Colorado Rockies forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cowlitz County
Washington Bird Phenology  
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Cuban cactus scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cuban dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cuban moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Cuban pine forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Cuban wetlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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East Central Texas forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Eastern Cascades forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Eastern forest-boreal transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Edwards Plateau savanna
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Everglades
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Flint Hills tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Florida sand pine scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Gulf of Maine
World Register of Marine Species  
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Gulf of Mexico
World Register of Marine Species  
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Gulf of Mexico
World Register of Marine Species  
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Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Klamath-Siskiyou forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Mid-Continental Canadian forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Middle Atlantic coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Midwestern Canadian Shield forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Mississippi lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Nearctic
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Neotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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New England-Acadian forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
North Central Rockies forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
North West Atlantic
World Register of Marine Species  
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Northeastern coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern California coastal forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern mixed grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Northern short grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northern tall grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Okanagan dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Ozark Mountain forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Palouse grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Pend Oreille County
Washington Bird Phenology  
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Pierce County
Washington Bird Phenology  
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Piney Woods forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
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Puget lowland forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sierra Nevada forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Skagit County
Washington Bird Phenology  
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Snake-Columbia shrub steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sonoran desert
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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South Central Rockies forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
South Florida rocklands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southeastern conifer forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southeastern mixed forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Southern Great Lakes forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
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Spokane County
Washington Bird Phenology  
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Tamaulipan mezquital
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Texas blackland prairies
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Great Lakes forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Western short grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Willamette Valley forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Wyoming Basin shrub steppe
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Yakima County
Washington Bird Phenology  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
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50.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) min
Additional detail
47 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) max
Additional detail
54 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
907 g female
Avian Mass Data  
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907 g male
Avian Mass Data  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
600 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass min
Additional detail
635 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
681 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
Additional detail
2.82 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Additional detail
448 g
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
wingspan average
Additional detail
71.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
wingspan min
Additional detail
70 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
wingspan max
Additional detail
73 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
sexual dimorphism
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male larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
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male more colorful
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
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sexes colored or patterned differently
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
452.8 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
23.7 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
primary diet
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eats seeds adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
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animal habitation
Environments - EOL project  
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aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
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bay
Environments - EOL project  
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canopy
Environments - EOL project  
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channel
Environments - EOL project  
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coast
Environments - EOL project  
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coniferous forest biome
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
Environments - EOL project  
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fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
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freshwater habitat
IUCN  
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hammock
Environments - EOL project  
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lake
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
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marsh
Environments - EOL project  
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mixed forest biome
Environments - EOL project  
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plain
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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plateau
Environments - EOL project  
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pond
Environments - EOL project  
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river
Environments - EOL project  
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river valley
Environments - EOL project  
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river valley
Environments - EOL project  
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savanna
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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scrubland
Environments - EOL project  
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sea
Environments - EOL project  
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shore
Environments - EOL project  
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Small lake biome
Environments - EOL project  
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stream
Environments - EOL project  
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stream
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
Environments - EOL project  
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temperate
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial biome
Environments - EOL project  
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terrestrial habitat
IUCN  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
Environments - EOL project  
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wood
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
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Boreal Forests (Taiga)
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Mangroves
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Mediterranean Forests, woodlands and scrubs
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Temperate Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
freshwater habitat
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
Additional detail GloBI  
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Aix
GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
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hosts
Additional detail GloBI  
 
has host
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Aix
GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
cavity
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
precocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
only female provides care
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size mean
Additional detail
16.7
Washington Bird Phenology  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
12
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-0.109
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
365 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
365 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
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2 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
22.5 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration measurement
Additional detail
25 days
Bird Incubation  
Additional detail
28-30 days
Bird Incubation  
 
prenatal development duration
Additional detail
31 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
egg laying begins earliest
Additional detail
03-14
Washington Bird Phenology  
 
egg laying begins latest
Additional detail
06-19
Washington Bird Phenology  

Evolution and Systematics

 
first appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
4.9 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
first appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
1.8 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
0.13 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
basal metabolic rate
Additional detail
2.25 Watts
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
body temperature measurement
Additional detail
107.6 degrees Fahrenheit
Bird Incubation  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Increasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
least concern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
The Paleobiology Database  
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

 
not invasive in
Additional detail
United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

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