Data about <i>Aix sponsa</i>

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Distribution

 
native range includes
Additional detail
United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  
 
latitude min
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
18.21 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Additional detail
44.85 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-97.8 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Additional detail
-65.4 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Clark County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Cowlitz County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Gulf of Maine
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Gulf of Mexico
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
North West Atlantic
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Pend Oreille County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Pierce County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Skagit County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Spokane County
Washington Bird Phenology  
Additional detail
Yakima County
Washington Bird Phenology  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
50.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) min
Additional detail
47 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body length (VT) max
Additional detail
54 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
600 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass min
Additional detail
635 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass max
Additional detail
681 g
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
body mass
Additional detail
2.82 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
Additional detail
448 g
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
wingspan average
Additional detail
71.5 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
wingspan min
Additional detail
70 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
wingspan max
Additional detail
73 cm
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
sexual dimorphism
  • sexual dimorphism
    Sexual dimorphism is a phenotypic difference between males and females of the same species. The prototypical example is for differences in characteristics of reproductive organs. Other possible examples are for secondary sex characteristics, body size and morphology, ornamentation and behavior.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
Additional detail
male larger
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
male more colorful
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
Additional detail
sexes colored or patterned differently
  • sexes colored or patterned differently
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Sexes_colored_or_patterned_differently
Birds Animal Diversity Web  
 
weight
Additional detail
452.8 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
23.7 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
habitat
Additional detail
animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
aquatic habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
bay
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
canopy
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
channel
  • channel
    The physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait consisting of a bed and banks.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000395
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coniferous forest biome
  • coniferous forest biome
    A coniferous forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000196
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
flood plain
  • flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
flood plain
  • flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
flood plain
  • flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
fresh water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail
hammock
  • hammock
    A patch of ground, distinct from and slightly above the surrounding plain or wetland. Often occurs in groups.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000516
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mixed forest biome
  • mixed forest biome
    A mixed forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of broadleaf and coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000198
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
plain
  • plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
plateau
  • plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
plateau
  • plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river valley
  • river valley
    A valley that contains, and has been formed by, a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000171
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river valley
  • river valley
    A valley that contains, and has been formed by, a river.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000171
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shore
  • shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
Small lake biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wood
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
primary diet
Additional detail
eats seeds adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
interacts with
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail
Aix
GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
 
hosts
  • hosts
    provides some resource to a symbiont, either commensal, parasitic or mutualistic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hosts
Additional detail GloBI  
 
has host
  • has host
    derives some resource as a symbiont, either commensal, parasitic or mutualistic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasHost
Additional detail
Aix
GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
cavity
  • cavity
    The nest is placed in a cavity with a narrow/protected entrance.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nestCavity
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
precocial
  • precocial
    Parent(s) provide neither food nor thermoregulation (e.g., pheasants and ducks).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/precocial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
Additional detail
diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
Additional detail
only female provides care
  • only female provides care
    Only the female feeds and nurtures offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCareFemale
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size mean
Additional detail
16.7
Washington Bird Phenology  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
12
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-0.109
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
365 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
365 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
2 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
22.5 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Additional detail
31 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
migratory
  • migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
egg laying begins earliest
Additional detail
03-14
Washington Bird Phenology  
 
egg laying begins latest
Additional detail
06-19
Washington Bird Phenology  

Evolution and Systematics

 
first appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
4.9 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
first appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
1.8 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
0.13 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
basal metabolic rate
  • basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Additional detail
2.25 Watts
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Increasing
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
The Paleobiology Database  
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

 
not invasive in
Additional detail
United States (USA)
US Forest Service Fire Effects Information Service  

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