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Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is restricted to the coast of central Peru and Chile. Although the population may currently exceed 500,000 mature individuals (del Hoyo et al. 1992), this is a fraction of former numbers and numbers fluctuate greatly in association with El Nio, and with numbers of schooling anchoveta Engraulis ringens.

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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

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Range

Pacific coast of s Ecuador to s Chile.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It breeds in large colonies on rocky coasts, feeding in shallow offshore waters along the coast on small schooling fish (del Hoyo et al. 1992).


Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
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Source: IUCN

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Pelecanus thagus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

CCTATACTTGGTCTTCGGCGCATGAGCCGGAATAGTTGGAACAGCCCTTAGCCTACTCATTCGGGCAGAACTAGGCCAGCCCGGAACCCTCCTGGGAGACGACCAAATCTATAATGTAATCGTCACTGCCCATGCCTTCGTAATAATCTTCTTCATAGTAATACCGATCATAATTGGAGGCTTTGGAAACTGACTAGTTCCCCTCATAATCGGCGCCCCGGACATAGCATTCCCACGCATAAACAACATAAGCTTCTGACTCCTACCCCCATCCTTCCTACTCCTCCTAGCCTCATCCACAGTAGAAGCGGGTGCAGGAACAGGATGAACTGTGTACCCCCCACTAGCTGGTAACCTAGCTCATGCCGGAGCCTCAGTGGATCTGGCTATCTTCTCGCTCCACTTAGCAGGGGTATCCTCTATTCTAGGCGCAATCAACTTCATTACAACCGCCATCAACATAAAACCACCAGCCCTATCACAATATCAAACTCCATTATTCGTATGATCCGTCCTCATCACTGCCGTCCTACTACTATTATCCCTCCCAGTCTTAGCCGCCGGCATCACCATACTCCTCACAGACCGAAACCTAAATACTACATTCTTCGACCCTGCTGGAGGAGGAGACCCAGTCCTATACCAACACTTATTCTGATTCTTTGGCCACCCAGAAGTCTANNNNNNNNNNNNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pelecanus thagus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Contributor/s
Garcia-Godos, I., Jaramillo, A., Monteiro, A., Simeone, A. & Zavalaga, C.

Justification
Although the population of this species is now stable or perhaps even increasing, it is likely to still be recovering after dramatic declines in the El Nino year of 1998. It could suffer similar declines in the future if conditions were repeated, for these reasons it is classified as Near Threatened.


History
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Not Recognized (NR)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
  • Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)