IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)


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Commonly known as Franklin's gulls, Larus pipixcan is a migratory species that travels seasonally between North and South America. Breeding distribution is limited to a small portion of central Canada and northern United States. During the breeding season this species can be seen in central Saskatchewan, eastern Alberta, southwestern Manitoba, central Oregon, northwestern Utah and Wyoming, southern Idaho, northwestern Iowa, North and South Dakota, and Minnesota. Vagrant sightings of L. pipixcan have been recorded along the southern coast of Alaska during the spring and summer months. Western Kansas and northern California have also had record sightings of L. pipixcan.

Larus pipixcan spends the winter months of December to March along the Pacific coast of South America from Peru to Chile. Lesser numbers of L. pipixcan have been seen wintering in the Galapagos Islands, Central America, southern California, and southern region of the United States.

Biogeographic Regions: nearctic (Native ); neotropical ; oceanic islands


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Source: Animal Diversity Web


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