IUCN threat status:

Critically Endangered (CR)

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Biology

Very little is known about the white-shouldered ibis, its diet or life-history patterns (3). This bird is thought to feed singly, in pairs or in family groups (3), and has been reported stalking for long periods around recently burnt patches of grassland 'looking into cracks of the soil for small reptiles' (4). This bird has also been observed foraging on gravel banks and mud banks for small items of prey (4). Old records indicate that the main food items include grasshoppers, cicadas and grain (3). The available evidence suggests that this species breeds between February and July, although the breeding season may vary with location. While some ibis species breed in large colonies, the white-shouldered ibis is believed to be a solitary nester (4). Nests are built in trees at a height of five to ten metres above ground, and two to four eggs per clutch is thought to be normal (3).

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Source: ARKive

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