The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2005. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2005.11.05
  • 2009. "Merops apiaster Linnaeus 1758" (On-line). Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed December 17, 2010 at
  • Al-Ghzawi, A., S. Zaitoun, H. Shannag. 2009. Incidence and Geographical Distribution of Honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) Pests in Jordan. Ann. soc. entomol. Fr., 45/3: 305-308.
  • Anonyme (à paraître). Cahiers d'habitats Natura 2000. Cahiers Oiseaux - Bibliographie générale, 4 pages - (version provisoire de 2008), Ministère en charge de l'écologie - MNHN.
  • Anonyme (à paraître). Cahiers d'habitats Natura 2000. Connaissance et gestion des habitats et des espèces d'intérêt communautaire. Cahiers Oiseaux (version provisoire de 2008), Ministère en charge de l'écologie - MNHN.
  • Avery, M., J. Krebs, A. Houston. 1988. Economics of courtship-feeding in the European bee-eater (Merops apiaster). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 23/2: 61-67.
  • B., Bruun., & S. Baha El Din.   (1985).  Common Birds of Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo..  
  • Baker, E C Stuart, fauna of British India, including Ceylon And Burma. Birds,London:Taylor and Francis, 19274: 1-471.
  • BirdLife International 2009, 2009. "Merops apiaster" (On-line). In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.. Accessed January 12, 2010 at
  • BirdLife International 2014. Merops apiaster
  • Burton, M., R. Burton. 2002. Bee-eaters. Pp. 180 in B Hoare, T Cooke, eds. International Wildlife Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, Third Edition. Terrytown, New York: Marshall Cavendish.
  • Casas-Crivlle, A., F. Valera. 2005. The European bee-eater (Merops apiaster) as an ecosystem engineer in arid enviornments. Journal of Arid Enviornments, 60/2: 227-238.
  • Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9. Downloaded from
  • EURING list of longevity records for European birds (Online source) External link.
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Heneberg, P. 2009. Soil penetrability as a key factor affecting the nesting of burrowing birds. Ecological Research, 24/2: 453-459.
  • Hoi, H., C. Hoi, J. Kistofik, A. Darolava. 2002. Reproductive success decreases with colony size in the European bee-eater. Ethology Ecology & Evolution, 14: 99-110.
  • Horváth, G., M. Fischer, T. Szekely. 1992. The delivery of surplus prey to the nest by a pair of bee-eaters (Merops apiaster). Ornis Hung, 2: 11-16.
  • INPN 2003-2014. Fiche descriptive de : Merops apiaster Linnaeus, 1758, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Service du Patrimoine naturel.
  • Kossenko, S., C. Fry. 1998. Competition and coexistence of the European Bee-eater Merops apiaster and the Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops periscus in Asia. Ibis, 140/1: 2-13.
  • Krebs, J., M. Avery. 1984. Chick growth and prey quality in the European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster). Oecologia, 64/3: 363-368.
  • Krebs, J., M. Avery. 1985. Central Place Foraging in the European Bee-eater, Merops apiaster. Journal of Animal Ecology, 54/2: 459-472.
  • Lessells, C., G. Ovenden. 1989. Heritability of Wing Length and Weight in European Bee-Eaters (Merops apiaster). The Condor, 91/1: 210-214.
  • Lessells, C., M. Avery, J. Krebs. 1994. Nonrandom dispersal of kin: why do European bee-eater (Merops apiaster) brothers nest close together?. Behavior Ecology, 5: 105-113.
  • Lessells, C., M. Avery. 1989. Hatching Asynchrony in European Bee-eaters Merops apiaster. Journal of Animal Ecology, 58/3: 815-835.
  • Linnaeus C, Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis.,L. Salvii, Holmiae (Stockholm)., 1758: 1-824.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Peters J L et al, Checklist of birds of the World,Cambridge, Mass:Museum of Comparative Zoology, 19555: 234.
  • Petrescu, A., C. Adam. 2001. Interspecific Relations in the Populations of Merops apiaster L. (Aves: Coraciiformes) of Southern Romania. Travaux du Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, 43: 305-322.
  • Tan Yaokuang Guan Guanxun, FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 7: Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes, Trogoniformes, Coraciiformes and Piciformes,FAUNA SINICA AVES Vol. 7: Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes, Trogoniformes, Coraciiformes and Piciformes, 2003.
  • White, F., G. Bartholomew, J. Kinney. 1978. Physiological and Ecological Correlates of Tunnel Nesting in the European Bee-Eater, Merops apiaster. Physiological Zoology, 51/2: 140-154.
  • Yosef, R., M. Markovets, L. Mitchell, P. Tryjanowski. 2006. Body condition as a determinant for stopover in bee-eaters (Merops apiaster) on spring migration in the Arava Valley, southern Israel. Journal of Arid Enviornments, 64/3: 401-411.
  • Zheng Zuoxin, BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names),BIRDS OF THE WORLD(Latin, Chinese and English names), 1989.
  • 谭耀匡、关贯勋, 中国动物志 鸟纲 第七卷 夜鹰目 雨燕目 咬鹃目 佛法僧目 鴷形目,中国动物志 鸟纲 第七卷 夜鹰目 雨燕目 咬鹃目 佛法僧目 鴷形目, 2003: 1-241.
  • 谭耀匡、关贯勋, 中国动物志. 鸟纲第七卷. 夜鹰目、雨燕目、咬鹃目、佛法僧目、鴷形目,中国动物志. 鸟纲第七卷. 夜鹰目、雨燕目、咬鹃目、佛法僧目、鴷形目, 2003.
  • 郑作新, 世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照),世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照), 1989.
  • 郑作新, 中国鸟类分布名录(第二版),科学出版社, 1976: 1-1218.
  • 钱燕文等, 新疆南部的鸟兽,科学出版社, 1965: 1-237.


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