IUCN threat status:

Endangered (EN)

Distribution

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Range Description

Penelope perspicax occurs on the west slopes of the West and Central Andes (Risaralda, Quindo, Valle del Cauca and Cauca), Colombia. Its current distribution is only 5% of its former range (Kattan et al. 2006). It was formerly considered mostly an east slope species in the West Andes (Hilty and Brown 1986), but the only records on this slope are apparently from Yotoco Forest Reserve (Silva Arias 1996) and Ro Lima (both near low passes in Valle del Cauca), the south-east slope of Cerro Munchique, Cauca, and possibly those collected above Pata, Cauca, and at Clementina (an untraced locality). There are recent records from just four confirmed areas: Otn-Quindo , La Sirena, Yotoco and Chorro de Plata (Kattan et al. 2006). The Otn-Quindo Flora and Fauna Sanctuary, together with the Ucumar Regional Park, constitute the global stronghold for the species, with the largest cluster of habitat blocks (Renjifo 1997-1998, Kattan et al. 2006). It is thought that historical factors or other non-autecological mechanisms (e.g. competition with other Penelopinae species) explain its restricted occurrence (Rios et al. 2008).

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© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

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