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Range DescriptionEmbernagra longicauda is known from the Serra do Espinhaco of eastern Brazil (interior central Bahia and Minas Gerais) (Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Stattersfield et al. 1998). It was also more recently discovered in some isolated ranges in the surrounding region, including Serra da Mombuca (Minas Gerais) and Serra do Caparo (Espirito Santo) (Vasconcelos et al. 2003). It could be more widespread in surrounding ranges than previously thought (Vasconcelos et al. 2003). The species is locally common in Serra do Cip National Park and in many places along the Espinhao Range in Minas Gerais and Bahia (Freitas and Rodrigues 2012, G. H. S. Freitas in litt. 2012). However, in some areas, such as the southernmost population at Serra So Jos (Minas Gerais) and northernmost population at Morro do Chapu (Bahia), the species is noted to be particularly difficult to find (G. H. S. Freitas in litt. 2012).