The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2007. website, Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2007.07.31
  • 2007. website, AOU Check-List (07-2007)
  • 2007. website, Gill & Wright (2006) corrigenda/updates - 21-Sep-2007
  • American Ornithologists’ Union, 1998. Check-list of North American Birds. 7th edition. Washington, DC: American Ornithologists’ Union.
  • BirdLife International 2012. Icterus chrysater
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names
  • Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. ix + 259
  • Hofmann, C., T. Cronin, K. Omland. 2008. Evolution of sexual dichromatism. 2. Carotenoids and melanins contribute to sexual dichromatism in New World orioles (Icterus ssp.). The Auk, 125:4: 790-795.
  • Howell, S., S. Webb. 1995. A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc..
  • Jaramillo, A., P. Burke. 1999. New World Blackbirds: The Icterids. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Leck, C. 1972. Seasonal changes in feeding pressures of fruit- and nectar-eating birds in Panama. Condor, 74: 54-60.
  • Ligi, S., K. Omland. 2007. Contrasting breeding strategies of two sympatric orioles: first documentation of double brooding by Orchard Orioles. Journal of Field Ornithology, 78:3: 298-302.
  • Morton, E. 1979. Effective pollination of Erythrina fusca by the orchard oriole (Icterus spurius): coevolved behavioral manipulation?. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 66:3: 482-489.
  • Omland, K., S. Lanyon, S. Fritz. 1999. A Molecular Phylogeny of the New World Orioles (Icterus): The Importance of Dense Taxon Sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 12: 224-239.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Price, J., N. Friedman, K. Omland. 2007. .Song and plumage evolution in the New World orioles (Icterus) show similar lability and convergence in patterns. Evolution, 61: 850-863..
  • Price, J., S. Lanyon, K. Omland. 2009. Losses of female song with changes from tropical to temperate breeding in the New World blackbirds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 276: 1-10.
  • Ridgely, B., G. Tudor. 1989. The Birds of South America. Volume 1: The Oscine Passerines. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
  • Skutch, A. 1996. Orioles, Blackbirds, & Their Kin: A Natural History. Tuscon, AZ: The University of Arizona Press.
  • Wetmore, A., R. Pasquier, S. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panamá. Part 4: Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches).. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!