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Range DescriptionAplonis brunneicapillus is endemic to Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, and Choiseul, Rendova and Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. It is rare and patchily distributed and may yet be discovered on other islands. On Bougainville, single specimens were taken in 1938 (Danis 1938) and 1944 (Beecher 1945), and a colony of at least 10 pairs was found in 1985 (Finch 1986, Kaestner 1987), but it could not be found in 1987 (K. D. Bishop in litt. 1999). On Choiseul, it was recorded in 1994 at one site (Gibbs 1996). On Rendova, one specimen was taken in 1943 (Amadon 1943) and there are recent records of two birds in the 1980s and some in the 1990s (Blaber 1990, D. Gibbs verbally 1996, M. Iles verbally 1997, N. P. Dreyer in litt. 1999). On Guadalcanal, 41 specimens were collected in 1953 at Betilonga (Beecher 1945, Cain and Galbraith 1956), where it now appears to be extirpated (D. Gibbs verbally 1996, G. Dutson pers. obs. 1997). There have been a few recent records at Mt Austen (Buckingham et al. 1995, M. Iles verbally 1997, Dutson in litt. 2012) and Komarindi (van Oosten and Wyant 1999).