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Moschops is an extinct therapsid from the Middle Permian epoch, around 268-255 million years ago. It was 5 m (16 ft) long, weighed 1 ton and was the largest land animal of its time. It lived in the Karoo forests of South Africa. 'Moschops' is Greek for "calf face". Moschops was heavily-built and had short, chisel-like teeth for cropping vegetation, but sometimes ate meat.[1] Being built close to the ground helped ito browse on low-lying vegetation. The forelegs were longer than the hind legs and sprawled outwards, as in a lizard, but the hind legs were under the body, as in a mammal. Some scientists think that Moschops had a thick skull, so individuals could compete with one another by head-butting,[1] as do rams. Some scientists doubt if Moschops was born with a thick skull. If it was, the short, heavy tail may have counterbalanced the weight of its head. Moschops was probably the main source of food for predatory therapsids, such as Lycaenops.[1]


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