Data about <i>Thraupis episcopus</i>

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Distribution

 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Araya and Paria xeric scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Caqueta moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Catatumbo moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Cauca Valley dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Cauca Valley montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central American Atlantic moist forests
  • Central American Atlantic moist forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Central_American_Atlantic_moist_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Central American dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Central American montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Chiapas montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Chimalapas montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Chocó-Darién moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Cordillera La Costa montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Cordillera Oriental montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Costa Rican seasonal moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Eastern Cordillera real montane forests
  • Eastern Cordillera real montane forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Eastern_Cordillera_real_montane_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Eastern Panamanian montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Ecuadorian dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Guayaquil flooded grasslands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Guianan Freshwater swamp forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Guianan Highlands moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Guianan moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Guianan savanna
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Gurupa varzea
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Iquitos varzea
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Isthmian-Pacific moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Juruá-Purus moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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La Costa xeric shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Lara-Falcón dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Lesser Antillean dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Llanos
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Madeira-Tapajós moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Magdalena Valley dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Magdalena Valley montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Magdalena-Urabá moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Maracaibo dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Marajó varzea
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Maranhao Babaτu forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Marañón dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Monte Alegre varzea
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Napo moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Negro-Branco moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Neotropical
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northeastern Brazil restingas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Northwestern Andean montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Orinoco Delta swamp forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Orinoco wetlands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Panamanian dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Pantanos de Centla
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Pantepuis
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Paraguana xeric scrub
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Patía Valley dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Petén-Veracruz moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Pindare moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Purus varzea
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Purus-Madeira moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Rio Negro campinarana
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Santa Marta montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Sierra de los Tuxtlas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest
  • Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Sierra_Madre_de_Chiapas_moist_forest
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Sinú Valley dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Solimoes-Japurá moist forest
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Southwest Amazon moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Talamancan montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tapajós-Xingu moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Trinidad and Tobago moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Tumbes-Piura dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Ucayali moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Venezuelan Andes montane forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Veracruz dry forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Western Ecuador moist forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests
  • Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia_moist_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  

Physical Description

 
body mass
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1.54 log10 grams
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
weight
Additional detail
35 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
primary diet
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eats fruit adult
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
habitat
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animal habitation
  • animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
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crevasse
Environments - EOL project  
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cultivated habitat
  • cultivated habitat
    A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
garden
  • garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
habitat includes
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Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
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Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
  • Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_dry_broadleaf_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
  • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_grasslands_savannas_and_shrublands
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
Additional detail
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
  • Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropical_and_subtropical_moist_broadleaf_forests
Biome & Ecoregion Mappings  
 
foraging habitat
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
feeds on
Additional detail Chen and Moles, 2015  
Additional detail Chen and Moles, 2015  
Additional detail Chen and Moles, 2015  
 
is dispersal vector for
  • is dispersal vector for
    a dispersal vector is "an agent transporting seeds or other dispersal units". Dispersal vectors may include biotic factors, such as animals, or abiotic factors, such as the wind or the ocean.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/IsDispersalVectorFor
Additional detail Chen and Moles, 2015  
Additional detail Chen and Moles, 2015  
Additional detail Chen and Moles, 2015  

Life History and Behavior

 
nest type
Additional detail
open cup
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
developmental mode
Additional detail
altricial
  • altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
foraging time
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diurnal
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
parental care
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pair provides care
  • pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
2
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
log10 productivity
Additional detail
-0.392
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
9.5
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.37 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Additional detail
13 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
migratory status
Additional detail
nonmigratory
  • nonmigratory
    Does not make seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonmigratory
Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds (Sibly et al. 2012)  

Conservation

 
population trend
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Stable
IUCN  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology  

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